R Vs. Scofield P.C. 1028

Case Name:- R vs. Scofield

Citation:– P.C. 1028

Jurisdiction:- This case falls under the jurisdiction of the Privy Council.


Nature of the Case: The case involved allegations against Mr. Scofield for a criminal offense where intent played a crucial role.

Key Issue: The central contention was whether mere intent, without the actual commission of the act, constituted grounds for criminal liability.

Verdict: The judgment, delivered by Lord Mansfield, emphasized the indispensable linkage between the physical act (actus reus) and the guilty mind (mens rea) for establishing criminal culpability.

Ruling: Lord Mansfield’s ruling underscored that mere intention, without the execution of the act, did not warrant criminal punishment. The judgment emphasized the necessity of both elements—intent, and action—together to establish guilt.

Precedent Set: The case set a precedent affirming that the law evaluates an act not solely based on intention but rather on the convergence of intent and execution. It established that criminal liability necessitates the presence of both actus reus and mens rea.


In the legal landscape, the case of R vs. Scofield (P.C. 1028) is a milestone that echoes the vital principles of criminal law. Dated back to 1028, this case centers on an individual named Mr. Scofield accused of a crime. The heart of the matter lies in the two essential elements of any crime: the physical act (actus reus) and the accompanying mental state (mens rea). Lord Mansfield, a key figure in legal history, delivered a groundbreaking rule in this case. He emphasized that a mere intention, without the corresponding action, doesn’t make someone criminally liable. This case unfolds the intricate interplay between intention and action, shaping the very foundation of how the law gauges guilt.


In R vs. Scofield (P.C. 1028), a person was charged because they intended to cause harm to someone else. This intention to harm was clear, but no actual harm was done. The case revolved around whether having the intention to harm someone, without actually carrying out that harm, could be considered a crime. It highlighted the importance of both the intention (mens rea) and the action (actus reus) in determining criminal liability, according to the relevant provisions in criminal law. The case didn’t result in a conviction because there was no action taken despite the harmful intent.



In the case of R vs. Scofield (P.C. 1028), the judgment emphasized that having the intention to commit a crime without actually carrying out the act does not, in itself, constitute a punishable offense. Lord Mansfield’s ruling underscored the importance of both intention (mens rea) and action (actus reus) for a crime to be legally recognized. According to the provisions outlined in criminal law, it’s not enough to merely intend to commit a crime; there must also be an overt action aligning with that intent for criminal liability to be established. This precedent has influenced how courts interpret and evaluate criminal cases involving intent and action.


In R vs. Scofield (P.C. 1028), the court said that just thinking about doing something bad isn’t enough to get in trouble. They decided that to be guilty of a crime, you not only need to have the bad intention but also actually do something to carry out that intention. So, in this case, since the person only thought about doing harm and didn’t actually do it, they weren’t held responsible for a crime. This case taught us that both wanting to do something wrong and actually doing it are important in deciding if someone broke the law.

Lord Mansfield’s emphasis on both the physical act (actus reus) and the mental state (mens rea) in R vs. Scofield (P.C. 1028) played a pivotal role in ensuring a fair and comprehensive determination of criminal liability. By underscoring the necessity of both elements, the court acknowledged that a mere intention, without corresponding action, is insufficient for criminal punishment. This approach recognized the importance of evaluating not only the defendant’s state of mind but also the tangible actions that formed the basis of the alleged crime. Thus, Lord Mansfield’s perspective contributed to a more nuanced and just interpretation, considering the intricate interplay between intention and action in establishing guilt.